The International Steam Pages

PNKA Wallahs Part 5

This page is part of a series of pages by Tony Ford describing the Perusahaan Negara Kereta Api ca 1970.

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The going hasn’t been too good for the C20 class 0-6-2T. Four of the original ten of these Hartmann engines are to be found in Solo, this is C2010.

These Krauss built C21 0-6-0T are at Bangil in East Java, not far from Malang, for shunting duties. Four of the original ten locomotives are believed to still be in service.

The last survivor of the mixed frame Cockerill built C22 class 0-6-0T from 1911 is to be found at Mojokerto.

The C23 is an unsuperheated version of the C16 and C18. There is only one member of this class, located at Gundih where it works local branch lines. This Hartmann 0-6-0T was built in 1908.

Only half of the original 15 C24 Werkspoor 2-6-2T survive today, all located at Jogjakarta , working the line to Magelang. All steam locomotives in Java are fired by wood or oil residue – here we see C2408, built in 1908, stoking up with logs: a shot taken at the same time, at Magelang, in June 1968, shows brute force and ignorance being used in trackside maintenance.

0-6-0Tr C2505, seen here at the Madiun Works is employed on shunting duties there. Built in 1921 by Hanomag for the Probolinggo Stoomtram Mij, the C25 differs from the 0-4-0 trams in having no skirting and being fitted with overhead piston valves with Walschaerts valve gear and disc wheels.

C26 0-6-0T can normally be found operating from Pare, Mojokerto and Kamal (on Madura). C2603 is seen here at Kamal, while C2609 was photographed at Mojokerto; the writing below the number describes a defect – the amount of rust on the driving gear tells us another story.

Schweizerische Lokomotiv und Maschinenfabrik (Winthertur), Werkspoor and Armstrong Whitworth were the builders of these fine C27 4-6-4T, used for passenger and mixed work throughout Java. These Swiss designed superheated locomotives, built post First World War have survived the test of time well, with three quarters of the original 39 locomotives still in service.

Almost sixty C28 4-6-4T came from the works of Henschel, Hartmann and Esslingen to Indonesia in 1921 and almost all survive. These are the same basic design as the C27 except for smoke deflectors and fitting of large side tanks. C2835 seen here at Tjepu has been fitted with a tender.

The two class C29 0-6-0T engines have disappeared.


C29 - C2901 was sold out of service to the Cepu Forest Railway where it survives today, although it hasn't run for many years.

Rob Dickinson